First, we should ask ourselves why suffering is such a big hurdle to our belief in God. For most of history, this wasn’t the case. What changed?
In the 18th century, new achievements in science caused people to start thinking that human reason was capable of figuring out everything in the universe. This period was called the Enlightenment. Enlightenment thinkers fueled the idea that there are intellectually satisfying explanations for everything, and that they’re discoverable to the human intellect.